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Photo Studio and Photo Equipment Terms - C

Photo Studio and Photo Equipment Terms - C


Chroma key compositing, or chroma keying, is a special effects / post-production technique for compositing (layering) two images or video streams together based on color hues (chroma range). In photography, Chroma-Key backgrounds are available with cloth background, paper background, foldable background and vinyl background.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chroma_key#Background)


A camera is an optical instrument that records images that can be stored directly, transmitted to another location, or both. These images may be still photographs or moving images such as videos or movies. The term camera comes from the word camera obscura (Latin for "dark chamber"), an early mechanism for projecting images. The modern camera evolved from the camera obscura. The functioning of camera is very similar to the functioning of the human eye.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera). Accessories

Continuous light

With continuous lighting, there's no need for modeling lights, which run very hot and can limit your use of modifier. However the scene looks to your eye will be how it appears on camera.
(Source: http://photography.tutsplus.com/tutorials/strobes-or-continuous-lighting-whats-the-better-choice-for-you--photo-14549). Continuous lights comes with different power and accessories (barn door, umbrella, softboxe)

Color Temperature

Color temperature has been described most simply as a method of describing the color characteristics of light, usually either warm (yellowish) or cool (bluish), and measuring it in degrees of Kelvin (°K).
(Source: http://lowel.com/edu/color_temperature_and_rendering_demystified.html).
Continuous lights usually have a color temperature of 5400-5500K while LED lights have a color temperature of 6500K and Quartz Lights have a color temperature of 3200K.

Color rendering index

CRI would measure the ability of a light source to accurately render all frequencies of its color spectrum when compared to a perfect reference light of a similar type (color temperature). It is rated on a scale from 1-100. The lower the CRI rating, the less accurately colors will be reproduced.
(Source: http://lowel.com/edu/color_temperature_and_rendering_demystified.html)

Colapsible background

A type of photography background which is foldable. It can be double-sided with different colors on each side, transparent, or unicolor

camera filter

In photography and videography, a filter is a camera accessory consisting of an optical filter that can be inserted in the optical path. The filter can be a square or oblong shape mounted in a holder accessory, or, more commonly, a glass or plastic disk with a metal or plastic ring frame, which can be screwed in front of or clipped onto the lens.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photographic_filter).
Type of filters: polarizing (linear/circular), graduated neutral density and warming/cooling or color filters., UV/haze, neutral density

CPL filter

For landscape photography. They work by reducing the amount of reflected light that passes to the camera's sensor. Polarizers will make skies appear deeper blue, will reduce glare and reflections off of water and other surfaces, and will reduce the contrast between land and sky.
(Source: http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/camera-lens-filters.htm)

camera display protection

Camera accessory which servers as a protection for the screen


Canon Inc. Kyanon kabushiki-gaisha is a Japanese multinational corporation specialized in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras (Canon D40, D60, EOS 550D, etc) and camcorders.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canon_Inc.).
A multitude of accessories are can be used with Canon products such as triggers, speedlites, power packs, battery grips, light modifiers, timer remote, etc...

Compact flash

electronic flashes for camera system. Accessories for compact flashes comprise of bouncer, diffuser, compact softboxes and light modifiers


A camcorder is an electronic device combining a video camera and a video recorder, typically used for consumer video recording
(Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camcorder).
Users may use a steadycam to ensure a shake-free video.

Ceiling rail

Track system to mount on a ceiling. Usually used with pantographs which wil allow to mount studio flashes and continuous lights on it.

Color filter

Also called color gel. They can be used with barn doors, snoots, reflector (light modifiers), synchro flashes to provide lighting effects

Carbon tripod

Tripod made of carbon material. Offers stability and is usually lighter.



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